Past ap art history essays
Where are we going? Form: -human, animal, and symbolic figures across the isalnd landscape -powerful oclors -text title -figures out of proportion -read right to left Content: -lizard, cat, goat -Eve in center -blue idol representing the beyond -cycle of life -volcanic island in Pacific -themes of life, death, poetry, and symbolic meaning -synthetism: search for spiritual journey Function: -paradise -where do we go after we die?
Form: -3 sections -warm and cool contrast -multiple vantage points -shatters one point perspective -faceted brushwork -relationship of forms Content: -orange: rooftops -green: trees -mountain Function: -landscape painting -paints how things relate to eachother Context: -Paul Cezanne -Southern France, post impressionism.
Form: -modern abstraction, little detail -symmetrical -stone Function: -version of The Kiss by Klimt Content: -two bodies becoming one, interlocked with each other -one thin line separating the two Context: -artist: Constantin Brancusi. Form: -Analytic Cubism no color, plain, simplified, cubes -text as art with images -resembling broken glass, fragmented Content: -guitar player on a dock?
The AP Art History Exam Past Exam Questions | AP Central — The College Board
Form: -color expressionism joy, emotion, physiological, spirituality -fauvism -color contrast -abstract Function: -relaxation of the viewer, goldfish represent a tranquil state of mind -use of pictorial space Content: -graceful movement of goldfish -plants and tables -view of side and view from top of goldfish shown at the same time -used his own memory of it to paint this Context: -artist: Henri Matisse CE. Form: -German Expressionism -expressing things through colors -non-objective Content: -concerning the spiritual in art -synesthetic experience -black diagonal lines -color as the keyboard Function: -each color plays chord in your soul -music as art Context: -artist: Vassily Kandinsky CE.
Form: -Domino House: concrete slabs -Reinforced concrete -Open floor plan -Natural lighting -Simplistic white Content: -Garage green that is very big and can fit limo cars in it for their chauffeurs -Slender columns -Non-load bearing walls -Horizontal windows -Roof garden -Spiral staircase or ramps to go up -Ribbon fenestration windows wrap around house Function: -Weekend home for the Savoye Family Context: -artist: Le Corbusier architect -Poissy-sur-Seine, France -Designed the furniture too.
He exclaimed that anything could be covered in fur and she got inspiration because they were drinking tea together. Form: -Synthetic cubism flat, angular panels in series -Tempera paint on hardboard -Unmodulated colors Content: -Anonymous faces -Split down the middle -Public restaurant in city segregated Function: -Historical narrative series that depicts the migration of African Americans from the rural South to the urban North after WWI -Segregation emphasized by yellow poles that zigzag down the center Context: -artist: Jacob Lawrence, -Parents migrated North so he lived during this period of migration.
City at age of Form: -dada art -approbation -readymade, glazed sanitary china Content: -transforms a urinal by turning it around and signing it Function: -challenge notion -moving something to a different context changed the meaning Context: -artist: Marcel Duchamp, Form: -Abstract expressionism -Use of acrylic had just been invented -Soak-Stain method: pouring wet paint onto a canvas and moving it around -Paint seeps and flows and interacts with the fiber Content: -Prominent blue section shifting from violet to indigo then into navy -Blurring of the colors, blues blend together Function; -Color as the subject of the painting -Subject could also be a landform of some sort?
Context: -Helen Frankenthaler, CE. Form: — earthwork: mud, salt crystals, rocks, water coil — arranged in counterclockwise motion Content: — a pathway that goes out in the Great Salt Lake Function: — this work of art is ever-changing because of the water levels — supposed to be a pilgrimage to get there Context: — Great Salt Lake, Utah -site-specific — made by Robert Smithson in Form: -featherworking -gold Content: -very hard to get these feathers, they were acquired through the vast Aztec trading network Function: -unknown Context: -Axtec CE -gift for Motecuhzoma II from the Viceroy of Spain -made by artist who specialized in featherwork.
Form: -Realism: sheet metal pressed against actual maize to get the texture repousse -oxidized silver black maize Content: -corn was revered because of its importance to the diets of the Incans Function: -show importance of corn Context: CE Inka. Form: -careful placement of stones -channels throughout -built into mountain Content: -observatory with niches -calendars -cosmological though -terrace common way of growing agriculture potatoes -Intihuatana stone carved from bedrock stone, corners are aligned with the compass points Function: -religious pilgrimage site for the Inka Context: -agricultural complex -Central highlands, Peru CE.
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Form: -new art form resulting from trade for beads among Anglo-Americans -rounded forms -beadwork Content -decorations vary based on status Function: -worn primarily for decoration -show social status -worn by men and made by women Context: -Lenape Tribe eastern Delaware CE. Coast of Canada -late 19th century CE. Form: -Blackware ceramic -Coil, not wheel -Contrast of matte black and shiny, polished black finishes -Symmetrical walls evenly thick -Surfaces free from imperfections Function: -Food container Content: -Revival of ancient Pueblo pottery and designs -Orgins from year old tradition in the Southwest Context: -Maria and Julian Martinez, New Mexico midth century -Maria made the pots, Julian painted the pots.
Form: -coursed granite blocks -battered walls -ornamental stonework Content: -adobe living structures -towers 32 ft high -great enclosures -narrow passageways Functions: -trade center in S. Africa jewels, beads, gold -was a major city most likely palace complex -granary tower Context: -Shona people -Great Zimbabwe CE. Form: -adobe clay and straw -takes on forms familiar in W.
Africa -raised on a platform protection from flooding Content: -pier buttressing, torons types of posts -ostrich eggs on top to represent fertility Function: -mosque -south sahara trade, learning, and cultural center -center of religious and cultural life in Mali and community of Djenne Context: -Mali -found in CE rebuilt Form: -smooth, brown surface with rich patina created by red clay and oil -eyes nearly closed -long thing nose -thick braided hair -high forehead -symmetric -naturalistic form with slightly geometric abstraction -protruding ears with earrings Content: -older female role model -beautiful, archetypal woman -forehead and right cheek are marked with cosmogram tear marks -danced by mean with fiber costumes, bookbs, and carries flywhisk Function: -entertainment -expression of female beauty -initiation ceremony for young men to separate from theirs mothers Context: -Chokwe people Congo thth century CE.
Form: -individual portrait that is naturalistic and abstract, refined features -polished surface suggesting health -complex coiffures -scarifications -introspective look on face Content: -individual portraits of specific people -expressing beauty -commissioned by husband -kept out of sight until preformed -preformance goes along with music Context: -Moya Yanso is the person who is portrayed -Baule people artist: Owie Kimou -early 20th century CE.
Form: -tall -abstracted male figure -wood -prominent horns -holding swords -expresses strength Content: -a person object associated with an individual -male power of the right hand -large horns -right hand holds the sword -seated -left hand holds severed trophy head Function: -given to young males -Igbo person shrine figure Context: -Igbo people thth century.
Form: — wood, beads, and metal — covered in material and shaped like a turtle shell Function: -used by the Luba peoples Mubydye people -interpreted by a specialist in different ways — shows the different aspects of the Luba culture Content: -each is unique and shows different stories of the Luba people Context: -Democratic Republic of the Congo -Luba peoples in the 19th and 20th century. Veranda post of enthroned king and senior wife Opo Ugoga. Form: -cut rock -treasury carved into a cliff -red sandstone walls -lower platform paved with hexagonal stones Content: -complex water system -temple on platform like apadana and built on hillside -buried dead in tombs cut out of sandstone cliffs Function: — city of powerful nomadic Arabic tradespeople Nabataeans -important commercial center -connected silk road and other trade routes Context: -found in -probably made around CE -ancient city in Jordan -influence of Greek and Roman.
Form: -calligraphy on cloth covering the cube kisna -corner points on the cardinal points -granite with silk curtain -set in a mosque Content: -kaaba in middle of Mecca -kaaba filled with pagon god statues and the Black Stone Function: -holds relics of Muhammad -walking meditation in counter-clockwise motion -place of pilgrimage-hajj one of the 5 pillars Context: — Mecca, Saudi Arabia -pre-Islamic monument CE.
Form: -stone, brick. Louis Context: -Mumluk artists 14th century -Egypt and Syria. Form: -many many details -silk and wool carpet -central sunburst medallion creates illusion of a heavenly dome with lamps reflection in a pool of water full of lotus flowers -slightly symmetrical Content: -two different lamps suspended from the ceilings -one panel with inscription that tells you who made it and when Function: -made for the funerary shrine of Safi al-Din Ardabil -prayer carpet Context: -Maqsud of Kashan CE -one in a pair of carpets.
Form: -lifesize painted terra cotta warriors Content: -warriors with individual faces but same bodies Function: -funerary art -express imperial power and authority Context: -Qin Dynasty in China BCE. Form: -limestone -guardians and vajrapani are more in motion and engaging figures Content: k Buddhist statues, 60 stupas, inscriptions carves on steles -the Vairocana Buddha representing the celestial Buddha with bodhisattva, a heavenly king, and a thunderbolt holder on the sides Function: -signifies the arrival of Buddhism in China Context: — Luoyang, China- Tang Dynasty — CE.
Form: -metal work with gold and jade Content: -3 prongs in the back; prongs look like antlers coming out the sides -jade pieces hanging down- connected by thin wiring Function: -queen crown Context: -found in tomb of a queen -Silla Kingdom, Korea -Three Kingdoms Period -5th-6th century CE. Angkor, the temple of Angkor Wat, and the city of Angkor Thom.
Form: -Panchayatana plan one main room with 4 surrounding, on a platform -Mandala cosmic map of the world -Enter a grand space -Corbelled gallery roofing Content: -Water surrounding temple -Angkor Thom: Buddhist part -Angkor Wat: Hindu part -Sculptures in rhymic dance poses -Horror vacui of sculptural reliefs Function: -Meant to be a tomb, express the divine power of a leader -Built complex to show his power and might Context: -Hindu and Buddhist parts of a medieval capital of Cambodia -Cambodia, Hindu, Angkor Dynasty CE.
Form: -combining image and text -Yamato-e: high vantage points, strong angles, cropping, narrative scroll -read right to left -strong angles -handscroll -extraordinary detail Content: -rival families Fujiwara and Minamoto attack the Taira clan and defeat them -establish shotgun empire -battle: -extreme detail of armor, weaponry, war tactics -struggles between emperor and rising shogons Function: -turning point in Japanese history Context: -piece made CE -Karamkura Period, Japan.
Form: -Stone masonry, marble, brick, wood, and ceramic tile -Layout based on Chinese philosophy -Certain palette to signify dark red-sun, yellow-earth, blue-heaven Content: ft. Form: -polychrome and woodblock priint made of ink and color on paper -Ukiyo-e: Japanese woodblock prints made during Edo Period -part of series of 36 showing Mt. Form: -Turtle shell, wood, fiber, feathers, and shell -Seashell eyes inlaid -Raffia for hair -Discs on wings amplify the sense of a bird in flight dynamic -Lattice work around the face Content: -Masks representing human forms, and some depict birds, fish, or reptiles, or both -Perhaps a faith hero or ancestor -Bird as a totem?
Form: — wood and fiber, cowrie shells used to show the location of an island Function: — horizontal and vertical sticks — curved sticks represent wave swells — used as to map out the wave swells of the Marshall Islands Content: -depicts the wave patterns surrounding the Marshall islands -sailors would memorize them and then leave them behind Context: — Marshal Islands, Micronesia — 19th-early 20th century — made for sailors. Form: -wood, pigment, shell, fiber -anthropomorphic mask Content: -masks uniquely decorated for a deceased and worn by dancers in ceremonies celebrating the dead Function: -used in rituals that took place in Papua for the deceased people of their clans -displayed in village for temporarily -shows family importance Context: -New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea th century.
C, USA. Form: -Burlap, wood, nails, strings, resin -Figures in large groups -Hollow cast, soaked coarse burlap Content: -Figure its on a stretcher made out of wood -Characteristics of a woman and man androgynous -Wrinkled skin and implication of backbones -No arms, legs, or head suffering Function: -Alludes to the brutality of war and the totalitarian state -Viewer reflects on this -Enduring regine Context: -artist: Magdalena Abakanowicz.
Form: -Photograph, self portrait -Costumes, decor Content: -The artist appears as the model, costumer, hairdresser, photographer, and makeup artist in each work -Theme of Salome decapitating St. John the Baptist mask-like, alert, bloodless -Richly costumed and decorative drapes -Shows no emotional attachment to the murder Function: -Showing how history develops meaning -Comments on gender identity and class distinction -Heavy costuming and setting acts as commentary on late 19th century versions of the subject Context: -Did this in Rome, CE -Cindy Sherman-New Jersey born, American artist.
Form: -Acrylic on canvas, tie-dye, fabric border -Painting on quilt -Narrative element Content: -Show her dream of being able to visit the Louvre with her family -Creates a character who takes her friend and three daughters to the museum with her -Quilting technique always seen as female thing In the Davinci room of the louvre Function: -White feminist vs. Alice Springs, Australia.
Required works of art for AP Art History
Rebellious Silence, from the Woman of Allah series. Form: -Black and white photography -Ink on photograph Content: -Terrorist gun -Gun splits picture in half into darker and lighter side -Farsi text would assume Arabic bc Muslim poem on face -Gaze at the viewer Function: -Muslim stereotypes making judgements from partial information -Caught between American and muslim culture -Female oppression Context: CE -Cynthia Preston, Iranian born artist raised in the US.
Form: -Video and sound installation Content: -Two screens of color video projects from opposite sides of large dark gallery onto two large back to back screens suspending from the ceiling and mounted to the floor. Form: cut paper and colorful projection on the wall Function: — make the viewer apart of this time in history and question th — shows the racial stereotypes but the black silhouettes do not show you the color or gender of the figure- that is for the viewer to decide Content: — depicts racial stereotypes and exaggerates the physical appearance of different groups of people Context: -made by Kara Walker in — Whitney museum in NY.
Form: -Mixed media on mylar -Twisting -collage Content: -Female figure lost in patterns and twinkling lights reclined in relaxed position -Kuba cloth -Cyborg? Form: -Sculpted and painted porcelain Content: -Hired a lot of people to hand paint millions of individual sunflower seeds -Crunching sounds of people walking all over them Function: -Political rebellion -Ideology of Chairman Mao: He was the sun, the seeds were his followers -Initially supposed to always be you as a participant but the ceramic dust rising when people walked on it became too harmful -Seeds symbolically represent an ocean of fathomless depth Context CE -Ai Weiwei: brave artist, often gets in trouble for what he says.
Your role is to evaluate the significant progress and barriers to achieving one of these pillars. Comparision of Korean Japanese and Chinese cuisine. Scanning the Business Environment.
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