European essays erotic

The result is a cluster of fetish-like objects that resist any literal reading, even as they invite closer scrutiny. Friend's Email Address. Your Name. Your Email Address. Share this Article Like this article? Email it to a friend! African patrons and entrepreneurs quickly picked up the new technology, which circulated and flourished through local and global networks of exchange.

Photographers, clients, and images moved across the region often traversing both national and ethnic boundaries. Early Maori Wood Carvings. Examples of ancient Maori wood sculpture are rare but a number survive, due, in part, to the practice of hiding valuable carvings by immersing them in swamps during times of unrest.

Early Modernists and Indian Traditions. Early modernist artists used a variety of approaches to negotiate between the need to create a national style and a desire to develop personal modes of expression. Early Netherlandish Painting. Whether they were made as objects for veneration, as records of human existence in a certain time and place, or as adornments for private dwellings or public sites, early Netherlandish paintings reveal the pursuit of a common goal—to make the painted image vividly present and to render the unseen palpable.

Early Photographers of the American West: s—70s. Embracing both human enterprise and the natural wonders of California, Watkins created crystalline views of the West that balanced the works of man and nature in an ideal harmony we can only envy today. East and West: Chinese Export Porcelain. The porcelains were often stored at the lowest level of the ships, both to provide ballast and because they were impervious to water.

The strong religious associations of tiger and dragon motifs contributed to their popularity in the fine and decorative arts throughout China, Japan, and Korea. Easter Island. The most recognizable art forms from Easter Island are its colossal stone figures, or moai, images of ancestral chiefs whose supernatural power protected the community. Eastern Religions in the Roman World.

Food and Drink in European Painting, 1400–1800

The Roman pantheon presented a wide range of cults and gods with different functions, but foreign cults promised something different, something the traditional Roman cults could not-change, both in everyday life and even, at times, in the afterlife. Ebla in the Third Millennium B. Edgar Degas — : Bronze Sculpture. His sculpture remained a private medium, akin to sketches or drawings, in which Degas, limiting himself to a small range of subjects, explored the problems that fascinated him.

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Edgar Degas — : Painting and Drawing. Edo-Period Japanese Porcelain.


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The porcelain the Dutch brought to Europe in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries was some of the first Japanese art to which Europeans were exposed. In ten years, Baldus established the model for photographic representation in genres that barely existed before him. Edward Hopper — Hopper sought and explored his chosen themes: the tensions between individuals particularly men and women , the conflict between tradition and progress in both rural and urban settings, and the moods evoked by various times of day.

Edward J. Steichen — : The Photo-Secession Years.

Edward Lycett — Egypt in the Late Period ca. One notable feature of the Late Period is the diversity of religious practices manifest in inscriptions and material remains. Egypt in the Middle Kingdom ca. The Middle Kingdom mid-Dynasty 11—Dynasty 13, ca. Egypt in the New Kingdom ca. Egypt in the Old Kingdom ca. While the origin of many concepts, practices, and monuments can be traced to earlier periods, it was during the Old Kingdom that they developed into the forms that would characterize and influence the rest of pharaonic history. Egypt in the Ptolemaic Period.

Egypt in the Third Intermediate Period ca. The Third Intermediate Period laid the foundation for many changes that are observable in art and culture throughout the first millennium. Egyptian Faience: Technology and Production. In ancient Egypt, objects created with faience were considered magical, filled with the undying shimmer of the sun, and imbued with the powers of rebirth. Egyptian Modern Art.

Roma Amor: Essay on Erotic Elements in Etruscan and Roman Art | Marcade, Jean | Arty Bee's Books

The first generation of modern Egyptian artists was driven by a renewed appreciation of their national patrimony and the return to ancient pharaonic art detached from any African, Arab, or religious cultural references. Egyptian Red Gold. Alfred Lucas, one of the foremost early researchers in the study of ancient Egyptian technology, correctly surmised that the vast majority of such colorations resulted from fortuitous tarnishing of silver-bearing gold and also recognized correctly that a smaller group of objects bearing a distinctly different red coloration represented another phenomenon altogether.

Egyptian Revival. The vocabulary of ancient Egyptian art would be interpreted and adapted in different ways depending on the standards and motivations of the time. Egyptian Tombs: Life Along the Nile. Eighteenth-Century European Dress.

Profane Love and Erotic Art in the Italian Renaissance

Dress of the eighteenth century is not without anachronisms and exoticisms of its own, but that singular, changing, revolutionizing century has become an icon in the history of fashion. The Eighteenth-Century Pastel Portrait. By the eighteenth century, color, not line, became dominant as pastels moved aesthetically closer to painting. Eighteenth-Century Silhouette and Support. Although the iconic silhouette of the eighteenth century is that of the rectangularly panniered, conically corseted court dress, a simpler line of dress launched the era.

Eighteenth-Century Women Painters in France. Although many critics applauded their new prominence, others lamented the immodesty of women who would display their skills so publicly. El Greco — Elizabethan England. Elsa Schiaparelli — Empire Style, — Revolutionary conquests were echoed in the fine and decorative arts, in which figures of Fame and Victory abounded. The Empires of the Western Sudan.

Strategically located between southern gold-producing regions and Saharan salt mines like Taghaza, the kingdoms of the western Sudan were well positioned to amass great wealth through the taxation of imports and exports. The legacy [of Ghana Wagadu ] is still celebrated in the name of the Republic of Ghana; apart from this, however, modern-day and ancient Ghana share no direct historical connections.

The Mali empire extended over an area larger than western Europe and consisted of numerous vassal kingdoms and provinces. Under the Askias, the Songhai empire reached its zenith, Timbuktu and Jenne flourished as centers of Islamic learning, and Islam was actively promoted. Enameled and Gilded Glass from Islamic Lands. The numerous enameled and gilded objects that have survived intact demonstrate that such vessels were highly prized and probably used for special occasions. While this skill is traditionally associated with femininity and the education of young girls, it was in fact practiced by both men and women, children and adults, paid professionals and talented amateurs.

The books ran the gamut from princely folio size to pocket handbook, but most were modest volumes intended to guide tradesmen in constructing fashionable furniture. English Silver, — Ernest Hemingway — and Art. Ernst Emil Herzfeld — in Persepolis. Ernst Emil Herzfeld — in Samarra. Etching offered students the ability to replicate their own paintings and thus build, from afar, their reputations at home. The etching revival inspired an interest in the medium that was sustained throughout the rest of the nineteenth century in France.

Ethiopian Healing Scrolls. Images on scrolls are nonrepresentational talismanic designs that reveal mysteries and enhance the effectiveness of written prayers. Etruscan Art. While some 13, Etruscan texts exist, most of these are very short. Consequently, much of what we know about the Etruscans comes not from historical evidence, but from their art and the archaeological record.