Essay on religious diversity in india

Hinduism is the religion of the majority in India. Hinduism allows a number of possible conceptions of God.

Change Comes Slowly for Religious Diversity in India – Population Reference Bureau

It also prescribes various alternative paths of attaining God. According to census Islam originated in Arabia as a monolithic religion. It came to India towards the last quarter of the 12th century A. The Muslim rulers in India patronized it. They established long dynasties over large chunks of the country and encouraged conversions from Hinduism and Buddhism.

Religious Diversity in India

As a result the number of Muslims gradually increased in India. Islam does not believe in idol worship.

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A large number of Muslims in India are converts. Brahmnical Hinduism offered a much more solid resistance to the spread of Islam. For the lower castes, acceptance of Islam meant an escape from the degraded status they had in the Hindu society to at least a theoretical equality with the ruling community.

Even the pollution-purity norms were practiced.

Therefore, they are not entirely different from their Hindu neighbours. The descendants of the Muslim aristocrats hailing from Arabia, Turkey, a Afghanistan etc. After Pakistan is carved out from India, in , the Muslim population showed a sharp decline. Now the Islam is practiced by Christianity came to India through the work of St. Thomas, a follower of Jesus. He converted some Nambuthiri Brahmins to Christianity. It is believed that St.

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Thomas has landed in the ancient port of Muziris in 52 A. However in the 16th century the Portuguese arrived in India for trade and established Christian church. In , Francis Xavier arrived in Goa and began his work among the fisher-folk in the Coromondal coast. The Dutch followed the Portuguese in the process of colonization. But they were not interested in spreading the Christian faith. The Britishers followed the Dutch. They had to spread Christianity through missionaries. All Christians believe in Jesus Christ as their Saviour. Jesus was born to Virgin Mary. They also believe that Jesus is the son of God.

The Bible is the sacred book of the Christians. The Christians believe that the universe has been divinely created and that man is sinful.


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They also believe that Jesus was sent to earth to reconcile men and God. All Christians have faith in the day of judgement which must come after the closure of human history.


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On the day of Judgement people will either be rewarded or punished according to the type of life they have led. At present, Sikhism had its origins in the wider religious revolt called Bhakti movement which was directed against the bigotry and caste based narrowism practiced in Hinduism. Guru Nanak founded Sikhism in the 16th century A.

Guru Nanak held that God is formless, timeless, all powerful master-creator who is not influenced by feeling of jealousy and discrimination. In the other states, Hindu majorities ranged from 56 percent in Kerala to 95 percent in Himachal Pradesh. Nationally, Muslims are the next largest religious group, outnumbering all other religious groups taken together. In , among every 1, Indians, there were Muslims but just 23 Christians, 19 Sikhs, eight Buddhists, and four Jains.

The four southern states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka accounted for half of the Christian population of the country.

Sikhs are concentrated in the Punjab, which accounted for 76 percent of the Many Buddhists are from the Dalit, or Untouchable, Hindu caste who converted to Buddhism which does not have castes in the belief this will negate their low caste status. Four major states—Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Rajasthan—accounted for 72 percent of the 4. Jains are the only religious community that is concentrated in cities and towns rather than in rural areas.

One group, Parsis, actually declined in numbers. All population-change figures cited here exclude the state of Jammu and Kashmir because the Census could not be conducted there.

Change Comes Slowly for Religious Diversity in India

Muslims recorded the most growth over the period—29 percent—while Sikhs after Parsis grew the least, 17 percent. In addition to Muslims, three religious communities grew faster than the total population: Jains 26 percent , Buddhists 23 percent , and Christians 22 percent. Like Sikhs, Hindus had a growth rate below the national average.

Differing growth rates can be a cause for alarm but the actual figures show that the changing balance is much less significant than it first appears. Looking at the absolute numbers, Hindus increased by million between and , while Muslims grew by 37 million. Even over the year span between the and censuses, the Hindu proportion of the total population showed a scant decrease, from 84 percent to 81 percent.